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Gothic Links

GOTHIC INDEX

Texts * Dictionaries * Historical Sources * Articles * Miscellaneous

 

Texts

The Wulfila Project (searchable Gothic corpus, based on W Streitberg's edition of the Gothic Bible; includes Skeireins, Calendar & Deeds; also Streitberg's 'Gotisches Elementarbuch')
http://www.wulfila.be

The Skeireins Project & Gotica Minora (texts of the Skeireins + multiple translations, and some more obscure Gothic fragments)
http://www.gotica.de ; mirrored at http://syllabus.gmxhome.de/gotica/ ; and http://web.archive.org/http://www.gotica.de/

The Titus Project (Click on "text database" in right window for large collection of ancient texts and corpora, including the Gothic Bible)
http://titus.uni-frankfurt.de/indexe.htm

Codex Argenteus Online (Uppsala University Library, a freely available digital version of the 1927 facsimile edition, black & white) http://www.ub.uu.se/arv/codex/faksimiledition/contents.html

Codex Argenteus, a digital reconstruction (in colour) http://hometown.aol.de/hildegunds/CodexArgenteus/index.html

Gots'ka Mova ("The Gothic Language", by V.V. Evchenko; Gothic texts with Ukrainian apparatus) http://st.zu.edu.ua/docs/gotska_mova.pdf

Gabelentz & Loebe: Ulfilas (texts + commentary & grammar, in Latin + Latin-Gothic and Greek-Gothic dictionaries) (1) Vol. 1 on Google Books http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TvoXiboY_a0C&printsec=titlepage&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0 ; (2) as Patrologia Latina, Vol. 18, at Wikisource http://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Patrologia_Latina_Vol_18_Ulfilas

Die Gotische Bibel (Streitberg's edition) http://wikisource.org/wiki/Bible%2C_Gothic%2C_Ulfila

Pages scanned from Massmann's edition of The Skeireins http://dpaperno.narod.ru/massmann.htm

De conviviis barbaris (fragment of Vandal language preserved in a Latin epigram) http://www.univie.ac.at/indogermanistik/quellentexte.cgi?5

Friedrich Ludwig Stamm: Ulfila, oder die uns erhaltene Denkmäler der gothischen Sprache. Text, Grammatik und Wörterbuch http://books.google.com/books?id=bEQJAAAAQAAJ&pg=PR1

Parallel Greek New Testament
http://www.greeknewtestament.com/index.htm

Bible Pages by Wieland Willker
http://www-user.uni-bremen.de/~wie/ww_tc.html

The Bible in the Original Languages
http://www.zhubert.com/

 

Dictionaries & Word-Lists

Gerhard Koebler (Gothic and other dictionaries, including Old Norse, Old Saxon, Old English, Old High German, Old Frisian, etc.)
http://www.koeblergerhard.de/publikat.html (the Gothic Dictionary is also replicated here at the following address: http://homepage.uibk.ac.at/homepage/c303/c30310/gotwbhin.html . Also in searchable form as "Gothic Etymological Database" here http://www.indo-european.nl/cgi-bin/main.cgi?root=leiden

Wilhelm Streitberg: Gotisch-Greichisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch http://www.wulfila.be/lib/streitberg/1910/

Lorenz Diefenbach: Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der gotischen Sprache: http://books.google.com/books?id=ZqAFAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP13#PPR1,M1

Sean Crist's The Germanic Lexicon Project: (Heyne's dictionary (Gothic-German), Balg's 'Comparative Glossary of the Gothic Language', Wright's 'Grammar of the Gothic Language' & Braune's 'Gotische Grammatik' + grammars and dictionaries for Old Icelandic, Old English, and many more...) http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/language_resources.html

Heyne's Gothic Dictionary (German) http://www.geocities.com/velikovski_project/dictionairygothicgerman.html

Patrologia Latina, Vol. 18: Ulfilas (Gabelentz & Loebe: texts + commentary & grammar, in Latin + Latin-Gothic and Greek-Gothic dictionaries) http://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Patrologia_Latina_Vol_18_Ulfilas

Gothic-German glossary (from Lehrbuch der Gotischen Sprache, Johannes Friedrich) http://craven.hypermart.net/Gothic.txt

Gothic Names (Tim O'Neill: list of name elements, meanings and Old English equivalents) http://www.geocities.com/Paris/Salon/2385/gothnames.html

German-Gothic Dictionary http://www.gotisch.de/woerterbuch%20deutsch-gotisch.xls

Dizionario essenziale Italiano-Gotico (Italian-Gothic) http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Workshop/3799/dizitagot.htm

Gotische Woordenschat (Dutch catalogue of the most frequent Gothic wordforms) http://medieval.dingetje.nl/VerenigingVanOudgermanisten/Bronnen/Instrumenten/dboutkan3.html

Short Etymological Dictionaries of Gothic, Crimean Gothic, Burgindian--and many more (Heinrich Tischner) http://www.dike.de/pfr-tischner/22-sp/2wo/etymol.htm

Vollständiges Krimgotisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (Complete Etymological Dictionary of Crimean Gothic, Heinrich Tischner. Explains "ita", the number one, as a Finno-Ugric loan, but could this not just be the neuter pronoun of Biblical Gothic?) http://www.dike.de/pfr-tischner/22-sp/1sprach/germ/krimgot.htm

Busbecq's Crimean Gothic Word-List http://syllabus.gmxhome.de/gotica/Taurica.html

English-Gothic Dictionary http://www.oe.eclipse.co.uk/nom/egdhome.htm

So Gutisko Razda (Gothic-English wordlist based on Wright's glossary, with added neologisms, identified as such + English-Gothic Neologisms Dictionary + more) http://www.geocities.com/gutiska/

 

Historical Sources

Auxentius on Wulfila, original Latin: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/auxentius.html English translation: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/auxentius.trans.html

Prologue to the Codex Brixianus (written in ungrammatical Latin thought to betray the influence of Gothic): http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/brescia.html ; and here is a translation into English: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/brixtrans.html

Leo Wiener: Commentary to the Germanic laws & Medieval Documents, 1915 (see Introduction page 2 for criticism of the idea that Wulfila translated the bible + a discussion of evidence for the late survival of Gothic, including the Vienna-Salzburg Codex, Walafrid Strabo & the Synod of Leon) http://www.northvegr.org/lore/germaniclaw/index.php?PHPSESSID=d35e41999cb33e3d23ac1ad867ddb5f0

Jordanes (Latin) http://it.geocities.com/kenoms3/longobardismi15.html

Jordanes: The Getica (trans.Mierow) http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~vandersp/Courses/texts/jordgeti.html ; http://www.northvegr.org/lore/jgoth/index.php ; http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/14809

Jordanes: The Getica (Latin + trans.Yeat) http://www.harbornet.com/folks/theedrich/Goths/Goths1.htm

Procopius: History of the Wars, Books III and IV, "The Vandalic War" (trans. Dewing) http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16765/16765-h/16765-h.htm

Visigoth Laws (English, trans. SP Scott) http://libro.uca.edu/vcode/visigoths.htm

 

Articles, Essays & Academic Papers

Abraham, Werner "Negation in the diachrony of Germanic & Jespersen's Cycle" http://odur.let.rug.nl/~abraham/text/negation/negation.all

Abraham, Werner "Null subjects: from Gothic, Old High German and Middle High German to Modern German: From pro-drop to semi-pro-drop" http://gagl.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/FILES/root/1992-34/01/GAGL-34-1992-01.pdf

Czarnecki, Thomas: "Gotisches im Wortschatz des Polischen" http://www.fh.ug.gda.pl/images/Czarnecki.pdf

Davis, Graeme: "Codex Argenteus: Lingua gotorum aut lingua gotica" (Journal of Language & Literature, 1(3), 2002. Selective in its evidence and logically dodgy, although it contains some fair generalisations about the difficulties with the biblical texts as a source of information about the language of the Goths.) http://www.shakespeare.uk.net/journal/1_3/davis1_3.html

Denton, Jeannette Marshall "Reconstructing the articulation of Early Germanic *r" http://www.benjamins.com/jbp/series/DIA/20-1/art/0003a.pdf

Thórhallur Eythórsson & Jóhanna Barðdal "Oblique subjects: A common Germanic inheritance" http://www.hf.uib.no/i/Nordisk/ansatte/barddal/Eythorsson&Barddal-final.pdf

Fuss, Eric: "On the Historical Core of V2 in English" (Gothic & Old English syntax. This paper avoids the flaws shown by the German dissertation of the same author below and is well worth reading, both for the information about Gothic word order, and as an introduction to the methodology for making such deductions. See Streitberg's "Gotische Syntax" § 310 for more detail on word order in negative clauses.) http://www.uni-frankfurt.de/fb10/fuss/HistV2.pdf

Fuss, Eric "V2 in early Germanic" (Although the points made in Section 2 are sound, note that the supposed examples of OV word order aren't good evidence, since the 2.b matches the Greek, and 2.a. differs arbitrarily and exceptionally from the order of known Greek versions, leaving open the possibility of non-syntactic motivation, such as a Greek variant, or some accident in the history of the text. Also, "dauþja" should read daupja "I baptise you with water", rather than "I kill you with water", hence the enduring popularity of John's teaching.) http://web.uni-frankfurt.de/fb10/fuss/Papers/Verona2007Lecture3FIN.pdf

Fuss, Eric: "Zur Diachronie von Verbzweit
Die Entwicklung von Verbstellungsvarianten im Deutschen und Englischen
" (The discussion of Gothic is flawed by use of examples that match Greek word order; no Greek text is not quoted for comparison, so readers must look each up for themselves. There may be some truth in the conclusions--though see Streitberg's "Gotische Syntax" § 310 for subtleties--but most of the examples presented here are no good as evidence. Regarding Fuss's example (2)b., Mk 6:25 varies in Greek manuscripts. Some Greek versions do have the pronoun before the verb. Fuss, or his source, omits the words ana mesa. In (1)a., Got. izwis is mistranslated with German "dich", rather than "euch". And "fraþjandas" should read fraþjandans. Regarding dauþja, see comments on previous link.) http://web.uni-frankfurt.de/fb10/fuss/MAthesis/MAthesis.pdf

Ivanov, Vyacheslav V "Indo-European Syntactic Rules & Gothic Morphology" http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/pies/pdfs/IESV/1/VVI_Gothic_syntax.pdf

Kiparsky, Paul "Analogy as optimization: "Exceptions" to Sievers'
Law in Gothic
" http://www.stanford.edu/~kiparsky/Papers/maurachpaper.pdf

Kortlandt, Frederik: "The Origins of the Goths" (linguistic evidence relating to Gothic migration) http://www.kortlandt.nl/publications/art 198e.pdf

Landau, David: "The study of old texts with the aid of digital technology: the Gothic manuscripts" http://www.cs.tut.fi/~dla/report.pdf

Los, Bettelou: "The Diachrony of Complex Predicates: Subproject 3: comparative postdoctoral project integrating the OiO projects with a study of SCV's in Gothic, Old High German and Old Saxon" (project description, ongoing) http://www3.let.vu.nl/onderzoek/zwaartepunten/humanLanguageFaculty/ projects/phonologyMorphology/predicates/subproject3.htm

Marchand, James: "Bishop Wulfila and the Codex Argenteus" http://www.florin.ms/aleph2.html

McFadden, T "On the pronominal inflection of the Germanic strong adjective" ftp://ling.upenn.edu/papers/students/tmcfadde/plc27hand.pdf

Minger, David L: "An Analysis of Grammatical Relations and Case Marking in Icelandic" (see p. 90) http://linguistics.buffalo.edu/research/rrg/vanvalin_papers/Mingerthesis.pdf

Ringer, Don: "A sociolinguistically informed solution to and old historical problem: the Gothic genitive plural" http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118595581/abstract

Stiles, Patrick V. "Gothic nominative singular broþar 'brother' and the reflexes of Indo-European long vowels in the final syllables of Germanic pollysyllables" http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120013758/abstract

Suzuki, Seiichi: "The decline of the foot as a supersyllabic mora-counting unit in early Germanic" http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/119960474/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

"Sopravivenze della lingua longobarda nel pistoiese e nell' alto reno" (Germanic influence on Italian vocabulary; Longobard & Gothic loanwords in Italian dialects; also texts of Paulus Diaconus's Historia Longobardorum & the Getica of Jordanes) http://it.geocities.com/kenoms3/longobardismi.html

Thuleen, Nancy: (essays on German language and literature, including three on Gothic)
Gothic Nominal Declension (cowritten with Mike Lind)
Gothic Take-Home Essays: Diphthongs, Grimm's Law, Syntax, and Devoicing
Gothic Final Essaychen: Quality of Non-Codex Source Materials
http://www.nthuleen.com/write.html

Vogel, Ralf "Free Relative Constructions in OT Syntax" (rules governing case of "free relative" pronouns) http://www.ling.uni-potsdam.de/~rvogel/FrInOtSyn.pdf

Weingaertner, Wilhelm "Die Aussprache des Gotischen zur Zeit Ulfilas" (1858) http://books.google.com/books?id=jHYHAAAAQAAJ

Various Abstracts:

http://ling.uni-konstanz.de/pages/dgfs/Pages/Abstracts/abstractsag2.html
http://ling.uni-konstanz.de/pages/conferences/cp/abstracts/tolli.html
http://www.hum.ku.dk/ichl2003/abstracts/section11.html


Miscellaneous Gothic Links

Links & Bibliography (University of Graz) http://languageserver.uni-graz.at/ls/lang?id=54

Gothic Online (introductory course by Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum)
http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/gotol-TC-X.html

What Every Medievalist Should Know: WEMSK32 Gothic (bibliography) http://www.the-orb.net/wemsk/gothicwemsk.html

The Yahoo Gothic-l List
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gothic-l/

Gothic-l List Archives
http://listserv.linguistlist.org/archives/gothic-l.html

Comparative Table of Runes + Gothic Alphabet http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/didact/idg/germ/runennam.htm

Vasiliev, AA, The Goths in the Crimea (extracts) http://www.stavgard.com/Gotland/beowulf_/crimea/default.htm

Friedrich Ludwig Stamm: Vorschule zum Ulfila, oder Grammatik der gothischen Sprache zur Selbstbelehrung (mit Beispielen, Lesestücken und Vollständigem Wörterbuch): http://books.google.com/books?id=a0QJAAAAQAAJ&printsec=titlepage

The Gothic Reconstruction Project (Matthew Carver (new site): modern translations into Gothic, and original modern writing in Gothic) http://matthewcarver.com/gutrazda/

The Gotish Tongue Website (Matthew Carver (old site): poems, riddles, Tolkien's "Bagme Bloma") http://www.stormloader.com/carver/gutrazda

The 'Forest People': The Goths in Transylvania http://mek.oszk.hu/03400/03407/html/22.html from "History of Transylvania" (general ed. Béla Köpeczi) http://mek.oszk.hu/03400/03407/html/index.html ; Die „Waldmenschen“. Die Goten in Siebenbürgen (271–380) http://mek.oszk.hu/02100/02113/html/24.html from "Kurze Geschichte Siebenbürgens" (general ed. Béla Köpeczi) http://mek.oszk.hu/02100/02113/html/index.html

Maenchen-Helfen "The World of the Huns", Ch. IX Language, 4. Germanized and Germanic Names http://www.kroraina.com/huns/mh/mh_4.html

James Marchand: "Introduction to Gothic" (Not quite what it says on the tin; this is a light-hearted imaginary look at Gothic through the eyes of the first scholar to study the Codex Argenteus) http://www.the-orb.net/encyclop/langling/marchlessons/gothic1.html

The Gothic Heathen Homepage (Albareiks: history, religion, modern poems in Gothic) http://www.angelfire.com/goth/kuni/

The Burgundians (well illustrated Czech article on the Burgundians, including a brief section on the Burgundian language) http://mujweb.cz/www/barbari/burgundove.htm

Goddelau tombstone, a memorial inscription from Germany possibly containing Burgundian names http://www.dike.de/pfr-tischner/33-gesch/ht-lokal/ht-remic.htm

Gothic Font (Wulfila's alphabet for Macintosh and Windows) http://babel.uoregon.edu/yamada/fonts/germanic.html

Gothic Font (Unicode) http://www.travelphrases.info/gallery/Fonts_Gothic.html

Crimean Gothic (Busbecq's wordlist & speculations on Crimean Gothic) http://www.geocities.com/erwan-ar-skoul

Database of the Gothic Language (Manuscripts, digitising the Codex Argenteus) http://www.cs.tut.fi/~dla/gothic.html

Reimar's Gothic Links (in German)
http://www.reimar.de/gotisch.html

Gothic Book List
http://www.the-orb.net/wemsk/gothicwemsk.html

Gothic Links
http://cs.tut.fi/~dla/database/database.html

Results for "Gothic" on MavicaNET Multilingual Search Catalog http://www.mavicanet.com/directory/eng/1350.html?iss=0

Die Westgoten http://schultreff.de/referate/geschichte/r0615t00.htm

Spain, Vandals, Suevi and Visigoths http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/VANDALS,%20SUEVI,%20VISIGOTHS.htm

Reconstructing the Gothic Calendar (a speculative essay) http://egd/calendar.htm

 


Germanic Links

Candon McLean: Germanic Languages & Germanic Studies: including Proto-Germanic Grammar, PIE to Germanic Phonology, Wright's OHG Primer, OHG texts, Grimms' Fairy Tales, Old English Vocabulary, etc. + Celtic Languages & Texts http://www.derwydd.com/Germanic/

Fordsmender's Dictionary of Proto-Germanic Roots
http://fordsmender.50megs.com/pgmn.html

Proto-Germanic noun & verb paradigms
http://cassowary.free.fr/Linguistics/Proto-Germanic%20Inflexions/

Heinrich Meidinger: Vergleichendes etymologisches Wörterbuch der der gotisch-teutonischen Mundarten: http://www.google.co.uk/books?id=MiQz6ZK5FzMC&pg=PP5

More links: Scandinavian, Gothic, English (also Old English), Dutch, Frisian, German dialects http://students.washington.edu/cfritsch/swedlanguages.html

Elizabeth J Pyatt's links page http://www.personal.psu.edu/staff/e/j/ejp10/region/germanic.html

Gleaner's Ancient Language Links http://www.geocities.com/WallStreet/Bureau/8759/langlinks/ancient.htm

Nomen et Gens (database of names in early Germanic languages) http://www.uni-duisburg.de/FB1/GESCHICHTE/neg.html

Online Etymological Dictionary
http://www.etymonline.com

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language http://www.bartleby.com/61/

Etymological Databases (Sergei Starostin & others) http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/main.cgi?root=config

Indo-European Etymological Dictionary (Leiden University), includes Pokorny's dictionary + etymological dictionaries/databases for individual IE languages, Greek, Friesian, Baltic, Slavonic, Luvian, etc.: http://www.indo-european.nl/index2.html

Pokorny's Indo-European Dictionary (in part)
http://drath.net/pokorny/

Sanskrit site + Pokorny index http://flaez.ch/

Pokorny's Indo-European Dictionary (in full!) http://us.share.geocities.com/iliria1/etymology1.html
http://us.share.geocities.com/agimzeneli/etymology2.html
http://us.share.geocities.com/altingjoka/etymology3.html
http://us.share.geocities.com/kadrizhulali/etymology4.html
http://us.share.geocities.com/alijecipuri/etymology5.html
http://www.geocities.com/andi2000pl/etymology6.html

Part I: (*abh- to *dens-)
Part II: (*deph- to *gou??-/gu- 'hand')
Part III: *gou??-/gu- 'call, cry' to *k^e(i)-)
Part IV: (*k^eko- to *pid-)
Part V: (*pik(h)o- to *su?elplo-s)
Part VI: (*su?em- to *u?d-, plus a few additional lemmas)

Indo-European Links
http://members.fortunecity.com/dikigoros/indoeurostud.htm

Sean Crist's Indo-European Language Resources / The Germanic Lexicon Project: As well as the Gothic books mentioned above, this has the Anglo-Saxon dictionaries of Bosworth & Toller, and of JR Clark Hall, and the Icelandic dictionaries of Cleasby & Vigfusson, and Zoega, together with works on Old Saxon, Old High German, Old Frisian, etc. http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/language_resources.html

Theudiskon Project: discussion relating to reconstructing early Germanic languages http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Theudiskon

 

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